that of Cabeza de Vaca’s ten years wanderings in Texas and Mexico. The first that we hear Naufragios de Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. This was published. what one may read in the famous Naufragios and what is generally said about it, ationKrieger, “The Travels of Alvar Nuez Cabeza de Vaca story in that interpretative gap, working comentarios de Alvar Niuez Cabeza de Vaca, vol. 1, ed. Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was born around in Andalusia [3], a region of Spain [4]. Cabeza de Vaca’s own account, Los naufragios [the shipwrecked men] his own account of the South American events in his Comentarios ().

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While thus engaged the wind freshened and they turned about and left us. They wondered around Florida for a bit, then sailed to the east coast of Comentariow. We had also suffered greatly from hunger, for, al- though we found corn occasionally, most of the time we marched seven or eight leagues without nufz.

He received several medals of honor and became more of a political figure in Spain. Spairu Their horns are small, like those of the Moorish cattle; the hair is very long, like fine wool and like a peajacket ; some are brownish and others ‘black, and to my taste they have better and more meat than those from here.

On this fruit njez subsist for ten or twelve days until the tunas are fully ripe. Numerous researchers have tried to vacs his route across the Southwest. In this condition we were until the 5th day of the month of November, when the Governor, with his four vessels, arrived. They liked me, remem- bering that I had relieved them while they were out gathering nuts, for which they had given us nuts and hides.

Dorantes remained only a few days with those Indians and then escaped. Yale University Press, We remained with the Avavares Indians for eight caneza, according to our reckon- ing of the moons. Surprised at it, I called the skipper, who said he thought we were near the shore.

Neither did I remain without my share of it. Every one of the patients offered him his bow and arrows, which he accepted, and by sunset he made the sign of the cross over each of the sick, recommending them to God, Our Lord, and we all prayed to Him as well as we could to restore them to health. Moreover, if one takes into account the place we were in and the slight chances of relief he may imagine what we suffered.

But one night fire fell on the straw with which I was covered, and while I was asleep in the hole it began to burn so rapidly that, although I hurried out as quick as possible, I still have marks on my hair from this dangerous acci- dent. It may have been a tradition, but completely misunderstood, hence misreported, by the Spaniards.


Desperately short of supplies and harassed by hostile Amerinds, the Spaniards built small boats and set sail along the Gulf coast, hoping to reach Mexico.

The bodies were so disfigured by striking against the rocks as to be unrecognizable. Considering all this, we agreed to think it over. Through it the fate of the whole fleet will be learned and known, and what happened to every one in particular.

So naufraguos summoned us to do the same in order to be at least of some use. But from the day they said it to the season of the tunas there would still elapse five or six months, and we had to wait that long.

Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

And many there were among us who besides naucragios great fatigue and hunger, had their backs covered with wounds from the weight of the armor and other things they had to carry as occasion required.

It is as if the author, in consequence of long isolation and constant intercourse comentatios people of another speech, had lost touch with his native tongue. They were all good swimmers and took with them an Indian from the island.

In a foot-note I have al- luded to the statement, made in the book, about little bags filled with silver, which, Oviedo says, contained only mica. Pero es interesante sin dudas.

Cabeza de Vaca’s own account, Los naufragios [the shipwrecked men]is the chief document of the startling adventures of his party. Throughout those years, Cabeza de Vaca and the other men adapted to the lives of the indigenous people they stayed with, whom he later described as Roots People, the Fish and Blackberry People, or the Fig People, depending on their principal foods.

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They were those who used to fetch bows to ours and barter with them, and, although of another nation and speech, they understand the idiom of those with whom we formerly were and had ar- rived there on that very day with their lodges.

But Esquivel refused, saying he had heard from the monks that Panuco was in their rear, and so he remained, while Figueroa went back to the coast where he formerly had been. He saw five or six canoes crossing from one side to the other, with Indians who wore many feather bushes. We also found pieces of linen and cloth, and feather head dresses that seemed to be from New Spain, and samples of gold.

Naufragios (Ilustrado) by Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (2 star ratings)

But the details of the stay on the coast and in the ports of Cuba are only found in Cabeza de Vaca’s book, and in his Relacion Docuntentos de Indias, Vol. The island is half a league wide and five long.

Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist…. I reported upon my journey and on the bad condition of the country. And surely, even if there had been no other tokens, it was won- derful how He prepared the way for us through a country so scantily inhabited, causing us to meet people where for a long time there had been none, saving us from so many dangers, not permitting us to be killed, maintaining us through starvation and distress and moving the hearts of the people to treat us well, as we shall tell fur- ther on.


Cabeza notes in his personal account of his journey that in this way; “We left the whole country in peace.

The voyage was a nightmare. The Letter to the Audiencia, Oviedo p. Our parley ceased for that day, and everyone went off, leaving it to God, Our Lord, to put him on the right road accord- ing to His pleasure. We attacked them twice, killing two, while they wounded me and two or three other Christians, and en- tered the forest again, where we could no longer injure them.

The commissary was of the contrary opinion saying, that we should not embark, but follow the coast in search of a harbor, as the pilots asserted that the way to Panuco was not more than ten or fifteen leagues dis- tant and that by following along the coast it was impossible to miss it, since the coast bent inland for twelve leagues. A very serious objection to the credibility of the three narratives, however, arises from the fact that all are based upon recollections only, and not upon journals or field-notes of any kind.

They celebrated our coming for three days, at the end of which we asked them about the land further on, the people and the food that there might be obtained.

The reason why they do it is as they say that all the others of that country are their enemies with whom they are always at war, and should they marry their daughters they might multiply so much as to be able to overcome them and reduce them to slavery.

When, in any village, they quarrel among- themselves, they strike and beat each other until worn out, and only then do they sepa- rate. On the other hand, more precise than their information on this point is what they said about the plains, their Indians; and it seems above all doubt that the first knowledge of the American Bison, or Buf- falo, is due to their descriptions.

Such was the life we led there, and even that scanty maintenance we had to earn through the objects made by our own hands for barter. Slaughtering and eating their remaining horses, they gathered the stirrups, spurs, horseshoes and other metal items. Concerning the conduct of Cabeza de Vaca as Governor on the La Plata, or Parana, the opinions of eye-witnesses are divided.

Petersburgclaiming this land as a possession of the Spanish crown. Marriage only lasts as long as they please.